Explanation of decoration construction terms I

2022-07-22
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Explanation of decoration construction terms (I)

★★ strong current and weak current: strong current in home decoration refers to a 220 volt power line, which is generally connected to lights, switches and sockets to supply power to a variety of household appliances. Weak current refers to the network line, telephone line, cable TV line, speaker line and other lines with low current. Generally, it is required that strong wires and weak wires cannot go through one conduit, or even close to each other, but have a spacing of 6cm

★ design drawings: the design drawings are divided into plan, ground plan, ceiling plan, elevation, node detail drawing, strong current laying drawing, weak current laying drawing, etc. The plan is a drawing that assumes that the room has no ceiling and overlooks the furniture layout of all rooms from above. The standard plan has the dimensions, location distribution of all furniture and major household appliances, and the positions and dimensions of all walls, windows, and doors in the room. The floor plan, also known as the floor laying plan, indicates the size, height, position, laying angle and name of the bricks or floors used in each room. The ceiling plan is similar to the plan, but it reflects the installation of ceilings and lights on the ceiling. The elevation is the position and size of furniture and household appliances when you look horizontally from a point of the room to one direction. Node detail drawing is to draw the internal structure and construction technology of a specific construction object. Others should know what it is by name

★★ clear water and mixed water: when painting the surface of wooden furniture, keep the natural color of wood as clear water, and the color covered into paint as mixed water. Each has its own advantages, and there is no difference between good and bad

★★ 45 degree grinding: at the external corner of the kitchen or bathroom, grind the edges of the connected tiles at 45 toxic corners respectively. It is in the shape of/|, which is much better than using external corner line. But... The final effect still depends on the craftsmanship of the master................../P> ★★ bracket installation method: if the toilet uses a basin under the stage, fix the basin with a bracket instead of sticking it to the marble table. So as not to knock the marble when it needs to be replaced for some reasons

★★ keel laying: this process is required for ceiling, floor laying, wall repair, door making and other large flat surfaces with a certain thickness. Specifically, wood lines, light steel and other materials are used, and nails or wood nails are used to fix them into crisscross grid supports with equal spacing. Floor, gypsum board, wood board and other plates are laid on them, which is light, flat and material saving

★★ slotting/dark wire/dark pipe: slotting: also known as dark wire. Use a cutting machine or other tools to make a xxmm thick groove in the wall and bury the wires and water pipes inside, so that the lines can't be seen outside the wall and it looks beautiful. Generally, the trunking shall be horizontal and vertical without diagonal lines. Concealed wire: the strong/weak wires buried in the trunking shall be generally wrapped in the conduit. The use rule of strong current is that the insulated copper wire with a cross-section of 1.5 mm2 is used for lighting wires; Insulated copper wire with section of 2.5 mm2 for ordinary socket; The air conditioning line should be 4 square meters, otherwise it is easy to overheat and soften when using the air conditioner. It's best to use the cooked glue line, which has strong corrosion resistance. Generally, 4 points of PVC pipe is enough for electric conduit. Concealed pipe: water pipe/gas pipe buried in the trunking. There are many kinds (I hope TX can add in detail, I know there are PPR pipes, galvanized pipes...)

★★ wall approval: the construction steps of removing some redundant objects on the wall, such as protruding concrete or previously painted emulsion paint, to keep the wall clean. Generally, it is carried out before applying putty. In some places, it is customary to count the steps of applying putty in the approval of walls

★ apply putty: apply putty to the wall to ensure the flatness of the wall. Generally, it is approved for three times, and then it is polished with sandpaper after drying. This step is carried out before applying emulsion paint

★★ spraying and roller coating: two methods of emulsion paint construction. Spraying is to put emulsion paint in a special spray and spray it on the wall. This method is simple to operate, has great pollution during construction, and wastes a lot of emulsion paint, but the effect is very good. Roller coating is a traditional process, which uses a long rod with a hairy roller at one end to paint emulsion paint on the wall, which saves emulsion paint and has no pollution in construction, but the final effect depends on the craftsmanship of the master

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